A lot of people who are underweight have an over-functioning thyroid. This condition is called Hyperthyroidism. A regular weight gain diet might not be very effective in helping the individual to gain weight. Hence, we charted out this Indian diet plan for Hyperthyroidism and weight gain.
What is Hyperthyroidism?
Hyperthyroidism is a condition that occurs when there is an overactive thyroid. In hyperthyroidism, the thyroid gland produces excess hormones that speed up the body’s metabolism. The high metabolism results in a quick breakdown of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates. And the person experiences fatigue and weakness. As a result, there is increased appetite and it is common for people with hyperthyroidism to consume more calories. However, this condition can be cured by taking anti-thyroid medicines and the right kind of diet.
Symptoms of Hyperthyroid:
Common symptoms of Hyperthyroidism include:
- Being nervous most o the times
- Muscle weakness
- losing weight/becoming underweight
- Rapid pulse rate
- Protruding eyes
Foods to Eat in Hyperthyroidism:
In hyperthyroidism, it is important to focus on nutrient-dense foods such as lean proteins and veggies that can keep you satiated. Also, a low iodine diet can keep your symptoms in control. Some of the foods that can help you in gaining weight in hyperthyroidism are mentioned below:
Low iodine foods:
Iodine is a mineral that plays an important role in making thyroid hormones. Foods like egg whites, unsalted nuts, potatoes, non-iodised salt can be a part of the daily diet that can help reduce thyroid hormones. you can also include rock salt / pink salt in your diet instead of the regular sodium salts.
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Cruciferous veggies like spinach cauliflower, broccoli, Brussel sprouts, kale can help your thyroid to make proper use of iodine which will be beneficial for hyperthyroidism.
Calcium and Vitamin D:
Hyperthyroidism results in brittle and weak bones. In order to build healthy bones, calcium and vitamin D are extremely important. Calcium and vitamin-D rich foods like almonds, spinach, kale, okra, white beans, ragi, and fatty fish can help in hyperthyroidism.
Vitamins and minerals:
Some minerals can help in balancing the thyroid hormone production like
1. Zinc – Zinc can help to strengthen the immune system and support thyroid health. Some sources include pumpkin seeds, chickpeas, and cashews.
2. Iron – Iron is a mineral that is vital for thyroid health. Low iron levels are linked to hyperthyroidism. Some food sources include lentils, GLVs, nuts, dried beans, whole grains, and seeds.
3. Selenium – Selenium can prevent cell damage and help to support thyroid health. Selenium-rich foods can balance the levels of thyroid hormone. Sources include brazil nuts, sunflower seeds, and chia seeds.
Healthy Fats :
Healthy fats are vital for overactive thyroid and protect thyroid health. Non-dairy fats play an important role in a low iodine diet which includes avocado, coconut oil, flaxseed oil, unsalted nuts, and seeds.
Some spices like turmeric, black pepper, and chilies have anti-inflammatory properties that can protect the thyroid function.
Bugleweed is a plant herb that helps in decreasing thyroid hormones and prolactin as well. and hence beneficial in Hyperthyroid issues. However, it’s best to take it only under an expert’s advice.
Foods to Avoid in Hyperthyroidism:
Gluten is a protein that is found in barley, wheat, rye, and oats. These foods when consumed can make your immune system attack your thyroid. So it is critical to avoid gluten to prevent the destruction of the thyroid. Another reason to avoid gluten in your diet owes to Grave’s disease. If your hyperthyroidism is due to the autoimmune grave’s disorder, avoiding gluten will improve your health and symptoms to a great extent.
Some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism such as anxiety, tremors, insomnia, and palpitations can worsen with the consumption of caffeine. So it is best to eliminate drinks and foods that contain caffeine which includes chocolate, coffee, soda, black tea and energy drinks.
Processed foods should be avoided as it can create hormonal imbalance and result in inflammation. It can affect thyroid and gut healing.
In order to prevent the destruction of important vitamins A and D during the processing of milk, they are added back to it that can worsen the pasteurized dairy.
Indian diet plan for Hyperthyroidism and weight gain:
Given below is a sample plan that can be effective for hyperthyroidism:
1 cup bugleweed water +
2 soaked walnuts + 10 soaked almonds
1 Bowl oats upma OR
Barley khichdi +
1 orange/ apple/ papaya
1 glass of coconut water + 10 soaked almonds
Rajma masala 1 cup / Dal / Fish curry 1 cup +
Millet flour chapatis 1 or 2 +
Rice – 1 bowl
Onion & tomato salad 1 cup
Roasted sweet potato/ Hash browns / Sabudana khichadi / Mixed Nuts And seeds / Chicken momo / Boiled eggs
Chicken soup / Pumpkin soup with homemade butter
Moong dal khichdi – 1 bowl or more / Foxtail millet khichadi
1 glass warm water with turmeric, black pepper, and coconut oil.
*Note: This is a sample Indian diet plan for Hyperthyroidism and weight gain. You may add more menu items to this sample. this may or may not be an ideal plan for you based on personal suitability.
Diet Tips for Hyperthyroidism:
There are some effective tips that you should keep in mind while dealing with hyperthyroidism:
• Eat small frequent meals:
With hyperthyroidism, the calories are burnt too fast. So it is advisable to eat small and frequent meals which are rich in calories. But it is important to choose foods such as oats, beans, sweet potatoes, whole grains and paneer that can keep you full for a long time.
• Eat fiber-rich foods:
Eat foods with higher fiber content like lentils, apples, nuts, flaxseeds, beans, okra and citrus fruits that help in the proper functioning of the digestive tract.
• Do not skip meals:
Hyperthyroidism can worsen by following fasting or crash diets. Try to eat small snacks every two to three hours.
• Reduce the intake of iodine:
Excess iodine is found in Sea fish, eggs, bananas, and seaweed can increase the activity of the thyroid. Hence suppressing the intake of iodine can counteract this condition.
• Cut down your intake of refined flour:
Refined flour does not get digested properly and it leads to a spike in your blood sugar. And moreover, it does not have any nutritional value. So it is best to avoid biscuits, white bread, pastries, noodles and cakes. You can replace these with brown rice, barley, and multigrain bread.
• Consume foods rich in antioxidants:
Oxidative stress causes the body cell to degenerate which has an impact on your health. Consuming antioxidant-rich foods can strengthen your immune system. These include walnuts, kidney beans, apples, plums, beans, and turmeric.
• Cut off caffeine:
For successful thyroid treatment, it is important to completely cut off caffeine as it can greatly interfere with hyperthyroidism medications.
• Limit your intake of dairy consumption:
Milk products contain some traces of enzymes, hormones and pus that can cause thyroid issues. In addition to this, it can result in insulin imbalance. Though milk is required for calcium there are alternate sources of calcium such as dark leafy vegetables, almonds, figs, seeds, and oranges.
• Try herbal remedies:
Herbs like motherwort, bugleweed, green tea, and lemon balm have proven to be effective for hyperthyroidism.
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Diet plays a big role in the treatment of hyperthyroidism. The above-mentioned diet can support healthy thyroid function and reduce the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. I hope our Indian diet plan for Hyperthyroidism and weight gain helps you in overcoming your health issues.